Preservation of Biodiversity in Aral Sea
In five years, Uzbekistan plans to turn part of the dried bottom of the Aral Sea into a green garden. Thus, there will be pastures and forests instead of sand and devastated lands.
Specialists from all over the country have been reviving the vast arid areas for three years. The main desert trees, saxaul, are being planted using a special technique. Experts said that the roots of these trees solidify the soil which prevents the formation of barkhan or sand dunes.
A 10-year-old saxaul tree can hinder the formation of the 10 cubic meter sand. Kazakhstan plans to follow the experience of its neighboring country. Kazakhstan plans to grow seedlings of desert and fodder plants in the coastal areas of the Aral Sea.
In addition, the country intends to strengthen the work on conservation of biodiversity and development of fisheries in the Aral Sea.
“This is a breakthrough project. We’ve managed to build a dam and cut out the North Aral Sea which is populated by fishes that breed there. This can be evidenced by nearly 8,000 tons of caught and processed fish every year. Approximately five fishery resources processing plants were launched in the Aral region in 2019. Today, there is a great interest in the fishery resources,” said Chairperson of Mazhilis Committee on Ecology and Environmental Management, Gleb Schegelsky.