Excavations Resume at Aktobe-Laeti Ancient Town Site

Excavations of the ancient city of Aktobe-Laeti were resumed in Atyrau.

In the era of the Golden Horde, the city of Aktobe-Laeti was one of the most important points located along one of the trade routes of the Great Silk Road, connecting Europe and Asia. Also, the region’s major crafts center was located in this ancient city.

According to the local archaeologists, at its height the city had a population of 10 thousand people. Jewelry and crockery, processed bone products, coins are just a few of the artifacts found here.

Scientists say that the finds are very interesting and important. They allow learning more about the lifestyle of the people who inhabited the Caspian region many centuries ago.

“We used to think there was only one cultural layer in the settlement. However, this year we went deeper, and it turned out that there are at least three cultural layers there. The first finds of the settlement belong to the 14-15 centuries,” said Archeologist, Marat Khasenov.

In the era of the Golden Horde, the city of Aktobe-Laeti was one of the most important points located along one of the trade routes of the Great Silk Road, connecting Europe and Asia.

The first archaeological works started here in the 1970s, but then were stopped. They were renewed in 2017. Remains of dozens of buildings were found during the excavation of the industrial zones. These were workshops where glass, floated metal, minted coins were made.

“For scientists, every little thing is important. For example, we found a lot of fragments of tiles with various coatings. This confirms the descriptions of the city by the travelers, recalling the beautiful buildings built here in the 14th and 16th centuries,” said Archaeological Group Leader, Aygul Ramazanova.

The ancient settlement of Aktobe-Laeti is listed as a historical and cultural monument of the Atyrau region. In the future, they plan to create an archaeological museum under the open sky.

Photo: assembly.kz