Trails of Nomads Research Expedition Traveled to Iran
The Trails of Nomads research members traveled to a sacred area in Golestan Province in Iran and found ancient monuments, dated back between 9th and 10th centuries, with the emblems of the Adai tribe.
The researchers also found gravestones, near the village of Akbend, which bear attributed of the Kazakh tribe.
Historian Zhomart Zhenisuly said that the gravestones were assumed to be made during the pre-Islamic period.
He said that there are emblems of the Kazakh Adai tribe on the top of the gravestone, which are similar to the Shakpak Ata graveyard in Mangystau region, Kazakhstan.
Meanwhile, the Trails of Nomads expedition leader Sapar Iskakov said that the gravestones dated back to the 8th, 9th or 10th centuries when the Kazakh ancestors lived in the area.
“Our scientists should conduct more studies in this area to know who exactly build the stones and when because our statements are just based on estimates,” he said.
The expedition members also traveled to the Kazakh Village district in the city of Gumbet. There are more than 200 Kazakh families living in the district. The majority of them moved to Iran in the early 20th century.
The families observe Kazakh traditions and speak Kazakh language.
“There are about 600 Kazakhs in Gumbet. There are also Kazakhs in neighboring cities of Gorgan and Benturk,” said Gumbet resident, Daletbai Yeskeldi.
After meeting the local Kazakhs, the Trails of Nomads expedition members traveled to the National Museum in Tehran to study the artifacts from Eldeniz and Jalayir countries.
There are dishes and coins minted from various metals, dated back to the rule of Eldeniz and Jalayir, kept in the museum.
Iranian local history expert, Hosseyn said that it is well-known that there were several sultanates in Iran in the middle ages.
“However, Eldenizids and Jalayirids were very prominent among them. These countries were developed very well compared to others based on the historical artifacts,” he said.