‘Trails of Nomads’ Research Expedition in Azerbaijan
The Trails of Nomads research expedition traveled to Azerbaijan to continue their studies on the Kipchak tribe.
The researches visited a town called Kazakh, which has current population of more than 80,000.
The town was founded by the Kazakh sultans in the 13th century.
Spokesperson of Azerbaijan Tourism Association, Oktai Rzayev said that the term Kazakh appeared before the emergence of the term Kazakhstan or the Kazakh land.
“This term is related to the Turkic tribes, ancient, medieval and present. The term Kazakh means free region, free tribes or nomads in the Azerbaijani language.”
“The nomads used to always establish societies, sultanates or small states at the place of their stay. In the Middle Ages, they established the Kazakh Magal and later the Kazakh sultanate,” he said.
The majority of Kipchaks moved to Azerbaijan from Georgia in the early 12th century. The cities and settlements founded in the country provide evidences of nomadic culture.
One of the settlements is the city of Ganja, located in western Azerbaijan. The city was the second capital of Eldeniz, the state founded between 1136 and 1225 by the Kipchak tribes.
The Kipchaks who ruled Eldeniz were very skillful as is evidenced by a local bridge, which was built during the rule of the Atabek dynasty.
The Trails of Nomads research expedition leader, Sapar Iskakov said that the bridge, named White, was built I the 12th century.
“It is amazing that the facility is 900 years old. It is still used by the local people,” he said, adding that the bridge is one of the many historical artifacts that were built by the Kipchaks.
The expedition members will continue their studies on the history of Kipchak tribe in Baku.