TRAILS OF NOMADS IN HEBRON
Members of the Trails of Nomads expedition traveled to Hebron city located 30 kilometers away from Jerusalem. The city is one of the holies cities for worshippers because of the burial site of the Patriarchs. Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and their wives were buried here. The facility, built 2,000 years ago, was controlled and owned by various leaders. In the 13th century, the city was controlled by Sultan Baibars. The rules set by him were kept here for up to 700 years.
RAFI KASIMOV, HISTORIAN:
- Sultan Baibars and his army visited the city in 1263 on his way to the Crusaders. He made a decision not to allow the non-Muslim people, neither Christians, nor Jews in the holy site.
Baibars held a successful campaign against the Crusaders to liberate the Middle East. According to historians, he achieved his victories due to the ability to make accurate decisions. The well-developed mail system was also beneficial.
KATIA CYTRYN-SILVERMAN, HISTORIAN:
-The Mamluks perfected the mail delivery system. They built postal facilities at every other kilometer. They used various communication methods, such as the pigeon post and flash lights. The Mamluk sultans in Cairo also asked for snow and ice which were brought from the mountains in Lebanon to cool beverages.
Mamluks made a significant contribution to the preservation and renovation of a temple in Jerusalem, which is home to several sites revered by the Muslims. For example, Al-Aqsa Mosque is especially important. It is considered the third-holiest site in Islam after Mecca and Medina.
SAPAR ISKAKOV, EXPEDITION LEADER:
-Al-Aqsa Mosque was built by the Arabs in early 7th to 8th centuries. The mosque was reconstructed in the 11th century by the Fatimids. The facility was renovated multiple times.
The golden-domed mosque can be seen from any part of Jerusalem. The ancient place of worship is one of the prominent pieces of Islamic architecture. The holy site was well-maintained and preserved during the rule of the Mamluks, who did a number of renovations.
MIZIRU YAHYA, HISTORIAN:
-There are one billion mosaic particles on the ceiling of Al-Aqsa Mosque. It was created during the rule of Sultan Baibars, who renovated the mosque and built 35 madrasah around it.
The Mamluks constructed a number of facilities around the Temple Mount. The buildings were well-preserved to this day. The Trails of Nomads research expedition explored the facilities to learn about the Mamluks’ influence in Jerusalem.