‘Following the footsteps of ancestors’ expedition in Jordan
Members of the ‘Following the Footsteps of Ancestors’ historical-research exhibition have conducted field research in Jordan and met with local historians. The Kipchak customs reined the state in the 13th century. Previously, traditions of the Great Steppe had a considerable impact on the relationship between Muslim and Christian worlds. The members of the expedition headed to Ajloun and Karak castles to gather new data.
SAPAR ISKAKOV, EXPEDITION CURATOR:
- The Karak castle is a strategic facility with defense purposes in the south of Jerusalem and Damascus. The Kipchak mamluks who came from the Great Steppe, owned this land. Our ancestors controlled several castles in these places. The Karak castle is the most important of them. By the order of Sultan Baibars, a tower was built in this castle. There are a few such towers.
Three towers are built by the order of Sultan Baibars in the Karak castle between 1260 and 1277. The Kipchak mamluks resisted the Mongol-Tatar invasion in the east and managed to eliminate the threat of Crusades in the west. They have become the strongest and most influential states in the Islamic world. Therefore, Mamluks have been known as defenders of Islam.
MOHAMMED GHANMI, PROFESSOR, YARMOUK UNIVERSITY, JORDAN:
- We used to read a lot about Sultan Baibars. He is a legend. He never stopped fighting for his land and country. He secretly traveled from Egypt to Damascus. When Sultan Baibars came to a fortress or a village, a watchman was surprised. This gave the Sultan the direct control of a situation in his country and thus, he learned about the lives of his nation.
This example shows that Mamluks, as descendants of ancient nomads, have succeeded due to the horse culture.