‘Following the footsteps of ancestors’ expedition in Lebanon
Members of ‘Following the footsteps of ancestors’ expedition are exploring medieval culture of Mamluks. In Lebanon, scientists visited Beirut, Tripoli and Sidon. The era of Mamluks, who had Turkic origins, has lasted for three centuries. Sultan Baybars stopped the Crusades who arrived in Muslim countries with a conquest campaign. In 1289, Sultan al-Mansur Qalawun freed Tripoli from Europeans. Preserved buildings erected in a certain architectural style serve as evidence to the influence of the Mamluks.
SAPAR ISKAKOV, CURATOR, EXPEDITION:
- Now we are standing at the Al-Mansur mosque. It took more than 20 years to build the mosque. The style of architecture dates back to ancient Cairo, nearly 14th century ago. One of the interesting facts is similarity of architectural styles. Many elements are found in our construction style.
In Lebanon, scientists met with descendants of Sultan Baybars and Sultan Al-Mansur and they also visited the National Museum of Beirut, which has unique exhibits of the Mamluk era, including gold coins, weapons and household items. Expedition members will continue their search in Jordan.