Unique glasses are found in the ancient Kastek city in Almaty region
Unique glasses are found in the ancient Kastek city in Almaty region. Archaeologists also found chess pieces, coins as well as metal and ceramic products. The first glasses were made of ivory and most likely came from India along the Great Silk Road. Everything else was made in Kastek, archaeologists say. The most interesting findings have been discovered quite recently.
ARNABAI NURZHANOV, ARCHEOLOGIST
This year we found tweezers and scalpel. In the middle ages, people performed surgeries using these items. A toothbrush was found in Kazakhstan for the first time. In the 8th century, our ancestors used a toothbrush made of horsehair. Well, look at Europe. Venice was in the 14th century. Seven centuries ahead, our ancestors were glass-blowing masters. There are four types: glasses for windows, decanters and cups. Everything is there. This year we found inscriptions. This is the culture.
Scientists highlight that the early medieval Kastek city was quite big. It occupied 30 hectares of land. Less than a hectare was investigated. But even this can tell a lot to the scientists. For example, caravans drove into the city on a wide pavement. The architectural appearance of Kastek was unique. There were no citadels, shakhristan and Rabat, which were features of the Central Asian cities. It was surrounded by 16 watchtowers.
ARNABAI NURZHANOV, ARCHEOLOGIST:
- Since the second half of the 7th century, it has been something of a Turkic headquarters. During Karluk, it expanded into a city. The city blossomed in the era of Karakhanids. The city lasted nearly 700 years. This is until the middle of the 14th century.
Archaeologists have concluded that there are 14 large settlements, including Kastek between Almaty and the Kordai passage. These sites are yet to be investigated. However, the archaeologists' highlight that such findings once again confirm that developed urban civilizations existed on Kazakhstan’s territory for thousands of years.