Constitution Day of Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan is marking its Constitution Day. The country’s basic law laid a foundation for the all-round development of the state. The document is rightfully considered nationwide. Even at the initial stages, citizens took an active part in the discussion of the draft Constitution. There were approximately 33,000 discussions in which more than three million citizens took part.
ZHANGELDI MAKHASHOV, DIRECTOR, NATIONAL ARCHIVE OF KAZAKHSTAN:
- This is the 23rd anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution. Kazakhstan’s Constitution was adopted on August 30, 1995. Due to the basic law, Kazakhstan is developing and as a result, we have many programs.
The National Archive of Kazakhstan is one of the most high-tech institutions in the post-Soviet space which meets international standards. The country’s documented historical heritage is stored at the National Archive. There are over 340,000 documents including the original version of the first Constitution of Kazakhstan of 1993. This document consisted of a preamble, four sections, 21 chapters and 131 articles. It has gathered a number of legal norms, adopted from the moment of the republic’s independence, the principle of separation of powers and the recognition of the Kazakh language by the state, to name a few.
DINARA BERLIGOZHINA, HEAD OF ARCHIVAL REPOSITORY, NATIONAL ARCHIVE OF KAZAKHSTAN:
- This is our archival repository where the documents are stored. One of the most unique documents is our Constitution that was created on January 28, 1993. The documents are kept in these boxes. This Constitution is the fundamental document for our country, the Republic of Kazakhstan. It serves as the guarantor of the rights and liberties of the citizens of our country. This document was handed over to the National Archive from the Presidential Administration and is stored here as the number one document.
Historians believe that the Constitution formed the basis for the establishment of a solid country. Kazakhstan’s achievements over the years of independence resulting from observation of the present Constitution and the laws based on it.