"Seven facets of the Great Steppe": What did the steppe civilazation give the world?

“Horse domestication empowers our ancestors with unimaginable superiority back then and made the biggest revolution on a global economy and military affairs. The domestication of horse marked the beginning of horsemanship culture. A rider on a horse, armed with a bow, pike or sabre became the symbol of an era when powerful empires created by nomads came to the forefront of history.”

In his article titled ‘Seven Facets of the Great Steppe,’ the President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, discussed the topic of horse breeding and equestrian culture. For the first time, domestication of horse took place on the territory of modern Kazakhstan. This has been proved by the excavation of Botai settlement in the north of the country. Archaeological studies have shown that in the 4th millennium BC, the Botai people tamed horses. During the years of excavation, tens of thousands of horse bones have been found at the settlement site. Archaeologists have also found scrapers, knives, ceramics, jewellery, arrowheads and spears. The Botai people were the first to use a foundation to construct dwellings. They mixed clay and bones to build walls on the solid foundation.  Until the 19th century, humanity has enjoyed the advantages of a technological revolution that was born on ancient Kazakh land. Today the world scientific community is focused on the history of the ancient steppe civilization.

ZEINOLLA SAMASHEV, HISTORIAN, ARCHAEOLOGIST:

 - This is a very good news to explore our history and native land. This is a historical monument of our culture, which is known throughout the world. Therefore, we are proud of the Botai culture. This is one of the most famous historical and cultural facilities. We consider it as one of the most significant monuments of our history that has great scientific value for the whole world.