‘Following the footsteps of ancestors’ expedition in Egypt
The scientific expedition titled ‘Following the Footsteps of Ancestors’ is ongoing to study the medieval Mamluk culture in Egypt. The scientists pay special attention to the rulers of the 13-14 centuries. During their reign, Egypt became the cultural, scientific and financial center of the Islamic world by connecting Europe and Asia with the African continent. The bright representative of the ruling dynasty was descendant of the Desht-I-Kipchak state Sultan Beibars. After his death, the followers continued his policy of developing Egypt.
SAPAR ISKAKOV, TRAVELER:
- Our ancestors, specifically, 25 sultans had ruled these places for 132 years. Sultan Beibars, Sultan of Kalauyn, Mohammed, Khalil and Hasan ruled the state. Each of them wanted to stay in history. For this purpose, it was necessary to build iconic buildings like mosques, mausoleums and bridges. Some of them have restored many castles.
Both sons of Sultan Baybars ruled Egypt. Then Kalauyn sultan from the dynasty of the Bahrites was in power for 11 years. He also contributed to blossoming of the state. According to legends, in order to find out the needs and aspirations of the people, Kalauyn went out the streets wrapped in a regular clothing of plain folk. The people considered the Mamluk ruler fair. Scientists believe that all the Kipchak rulers are distinguished by this quality.
MUKHAMMED YELUAKIL, PROFESSOR, CAIRO UNIVERSITY:
- The rulers of that time remained in the memory of people as righteous protectors. During the life of Sultan Beibars he was called "The Patron of the Poor". During Ramadan, he ordered to distribute free food to thousands of people. This is a real historical fact. The legacy of the Kipchak rulers can bring Kazakhstan and Egypt close from a cultural and historical point of view.
During the crusades and the Mongol invasion, a lot of people from the Muslim world were moving to Egypt. At that time, this country was considered as a pillar of stability. Cairo had prominent scholars of the East as Ibn Khaldun, Ibn Kathir and Saif Sarai who wrote about the contribution of the Kipchak Mamluks to Egypt’s development.
SAMUIL RAYAD, HISTORIAN:
- Sultan Kalauyn is one of the important sultans who ruled the country after the family of Sultan Beybaris. He is one of the Mamluks who moved from Kazakhstan.
Participants of the Following the Footsteps of their ancestors expedition collected genetic samples from local residents. The researchers are going to find out whether they are the descendants of the Kipchaks. The results of DNA will soon become known.