Ankara has high hopes for the Astana process in the settlement of the situation in Syria. A round table devoted to this topic was held in the Turkish capital. Famous political scientists, international experts, teachers and university students spoke about the role of Astana in restoring stability and peace in the Middle East. Experts stressed, despite various difficulties, the agreements reached in the Kazakh capital between Turkey, Russia and Iran can be considered effective.
HAKKI UIGUR, EXPERT, IRANIAN RESEARCH CENTER:
- The parties, who did not even want to sit down at the negotiating table with each other during the first meeting of the Astana process, have now started implementing important joint agreements. At the last meeting, it was decided that Idlib province would become one of the safest zones in Syria. If the armed conflicts in Idlib stop, we can assume that the Astana process has fully reached its goal.
During the 6th round of the Astana process, the sides adopted a number of important decisions. One of them is the agreement on the creation of four de-escalation zones in Syria. The fourth and last of them is Idlib province. On October 12, the Turkish military opened checkpoints there. The parties agreed that the Turkish army will ensure security in the region, and the Russian troops will monitor attacks from outside.
EMRE ERSHEN, POLITICAL SCIENTIST:
- If the project for the creation of de-escalation zones adopted during the Astana process works out and hostilities are ceased, then the following step will be political decisions concerning the future of Syria. The further negotiations in Geneva depend on the results of the Astana process.
International experts agree that the Astana process has become an effective platform for a constructive dialogue on Syria settlement. Political analysts highlighted that the decisions made during several meetings in the capital of Kazakhstan laid the foundation for ending war in Syria