MEDIEVAL CITY OF BOZOK
Many centuries ago, the Bozok settlement was located on the territory of modern Astana. Bozok has an important historical value. Scientists proved that it was a military fortress of the Steppe section of the Great Silk Road. The discovery was made by Kazakh archeologist Kemal Akishev.
MARAL HABDULINA, DIRECTOR, AKISHEV RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF ARCHEOLOGY:
- We launched our archeological expedition in autumn 1998 and discovered the historical monument only in 1999. Then we started excavations. A team of archeologists has been studying this monument for 10 years.
The ruins of the settlement resemble steppe architecture. One meter walls surround flat surfaces of the squares and are located on an area of 30 hectares. This ancient settlement was named Bozok. The etymology of the Turkic word "Boz" carries several meanings such as ‘untouched earth’, ‘virgin soil’ and ‘feather grass’.
CLIP FROM DOCUMENTARY FILM ‘FOOTSTEPS OF THE SAGES’
NURSULTAN NAZARBAYEV, PRESIDENT OF KAZAKHSTAN:
- Medieval fortification was the last discovery of archeologist Kemal Akishev. Bozok was located nine kilometers away from Astana. It was a large settlement of the 12-14th centuries. It proves that that we have chosen the right location for the capital.
At present, Astana is expanding to the territory of ancient Bozok. The ancient settlement lies on the main axis of Astana and has been blended with the modern architecture.