Kazakhstan’s constitutional reform is vital
Kazakhstan’s constitutional reform is vital. It will modernize the governance system, increase the effectiveness of the state apparatus and lead to democratization. The Head of Strategic Studies Center ‘Tasam’ Suleyman Sensoy has highly praised the balanced discussion of constitutional reform, the unity of the Kazakh government and the people in making such important decision for future generations.
SULEYMAN SENSOY, HEAD OF STRATEGIC STUDIES CENTER TASAM:
President Nursultan Nazarbayev’s initiative on the redistribution of powers between the government bodies is a timely and far-sighted solution. It will strengthen the role and influence of government and the Parliament in the society, and will open new opportunities for promotion of democratic values. Kazakhstan has reached great success over 25 years. I think that modernization of the government and society are vital for further improvement.
Ukrainian expert in international and legal affairs Andrey Buzarov also believes that constitutional reform is the right decision for Kazakhstan. The political scientist emphasizes that the redistribution of powers between the government bodies is an integral part of democratization process.
ANDREY BUZAROV, EXPERT IN INTERNATIONAL AND LEGAL AFFAIRS:
Kazakh President Nazarbayev's initiative to amend the country's Constitution is aimed at two key aspects: firstly, the actual alignment of the political system with the classical model of the presidential state, same as in France and the United States; secondly, the division of executive, legislative and judicial powers not to let the government stagnate. Of course, this is a clear sign of the democratization of the Kazakh society.
Russian analysts are also discussing amendments to Kazakhstan’s Constitution. The reform will strengthen the role of the Parliament both in the government formation and in control over the activities of the Cabinet of Ministers. The delegation of a number of legislative powers from the President to the Parliament, expansion of the Parliament’s functions will have a big impact on Kazakhstan’s development, experts say. According to Director General of the Russian Institute of Regional Problems Dmitry Zhuravlev, the constitutional reform will significantly strengthen the position of both the Parliament and the Government of Kazakhstan.
DMITRY ZHURAVLEV, DIRECTOR GENERAL, INSTITUTE OF REGIONAL PROBLEMS:
The Kazakh President has deliberately redistributed the powers between the government branches. The Parliament is now responsible for the legislature and the President’s decrees are subordinate. Laws are made only by the Parliament and cannot be adopted in any form by the President.