Experts: Constitutional reform - new stage of political modernization
Nursultan Nazarbayev's decision to transfer parts of the presidential powers to the Government and the Parliament is an unprecedented event in the modern political practice, Russian observers say. According to them, the presidential form of governance has brought Kazakhstan to a sustainable development path, and the reforms proposed by the head of the state are the next stage in the evolution of Kazakhstan’s political system.
SERGEI MARKOV, DIRECTOR, INSTITUTE OF POLITICAL STUDIES, RUSSIA:
This is a correct decision, and many countries, including Russia, have started thinking about forming such model themselves. This lets citizens influence the political system in their country, making it more flexible. Public will have a stronger influence on government changes and changes in policies.
Germany discusses Kazakh President’s initiative on redistribution of powers between the branches of the government. Former German ambassador to the OSCE says that the Constitutional reform will positively influence the work of the state apparatus.
DIETER BODEN, FORMER GERMAN AMBASSADOR TO OSCE:
I believe this has been done to make the work of the Government more effective. I think this is a good initiative. Reforms are required in every country from time to time, in order to be more efficient. Germany is happy to observe the successful formation of a democratic society in Kazakhstan. For example, the OSCE Chairmanship in 2010 gave Kazakhstan a great prestige on the world stage and in Europe. This is, of course, the great merit of President Nursultan Nazarbayev.
Constitutional reform proposed by Nursultan Nazarbayev will contribute to the revival of the political life in Kazakhstan, the American professor at Johns Hopkins University Frederick Starr says. He is one of the most authoritative experts on the Eurasian region. Last year, the professor presented his work "Kazakhstan-2041" about Kazakhstan’s achievements in 25 years and the importance of institutional reforms initiated by the President.
FREDERICK STARR, EXPERT, JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY:
He openly discussed the vertical presidential system, which is outdated nowadays, it played a decent role in the post-Soviet period, but it is not necessary now. He openly says it. This is very important, in my opinion. Obviously, he would like to see the Parliament more supreme in the future. This will revive the political life in Kazakhstan. The President himself opens the door to such discussions. I think, this is a considerable step forward.