Underground resources will be used to generate electricity and heat in Kazakhstan

Underground resources will be used to generate electricity and heat in Kazakhstan

Introduction to renewable energy is gaining popularity in many countries. Kazakhstan is no exception. Soon, underground resources will be used to generate electricity and heat. This experience has been successfully used in Iceland, the United States, Canada and Turkey.

Unlike solar and wind energy, underground heat does not depend on weather, (and this is their indisputable advantage). Power engineers say that this is very important for Kazakhstan’s continental climate. The efficiency of the geothermal station is estimated at 96% which is five times higher than the efficiency of solar panels.

ARMAN SATIMOV, ADVISOR TO CHAIRPERSON, ‘KAZENERGY’ ASSOCIATION:

 - There is the Institute of Hydrogeology and Hydroecology in Kazakhstan. According to the institute’s initial data, very large areas, specifically, almost 40% have certain reserves of geothermal hot water. Temperatures are different at certain depths. The temperature ranges from 70 to 163 Celsius degrees. We have to understand which regions and pilot projects need changes in legislation in terms of the development of technical documentation.

Experts highlight that implementation of the first such project could be a breakthrough in the development of alternative energy. Research is being conducted while the energy saving program is being implemented (in the country).

ARMAN SATIMOV, ADVISOR TO CHAIRPERSON, ‘KAZENERGY’ ASSOCIATION:

 - Energy saving is also energy and it is three times cheaper than creating new energy generation. Instead of investing US$10 million to create an energy platform, it is easier to invest US$20–30 million to have the energy saving program (that has been launched in Kazakhstan). This includes the lighting of streets, driveways and industries.

As part of the concept of Kazakhstan’s transition to a green economy, by 2030, the share of renewables will be increased to 10% and by 2050 it will be raised to 50%.