Innovations in agriculture
An experiment on precision agriculture is being implemented in Kazakhstan. Kazakh agrarians are analyzing the intermediate results. This year, pilot technologies will be tested by nine farms, two of which are located in Karagandy. Agricultural producers said they are confident that there will be an increasing number of crops in the experiment fields and higher quality of grains.
PAVEL LUSCHAK, FARMER:
- The weight of crops will be estimated at around 40 quintals on experimental fields. The weight of the crop on our fields makes 20-25 quintals. Finally, we have increased the rate of fertilizer application and everyone has realized that the recommended 30 to 40 kg is a very little amount.
Precision agriculture or satellite farming is based on a deep and thorough processing of soil composition. According to traditional technology, the average analysis was made one per 75 hectares. Now sampling is taken from the whole area to accurately determine the amount and composition of necessary fertilizers and methods of processing the land.
SAYAKHAT NUKESHEV, DEAN, KAZAKH AGROTECHNICAL UNIVERSITY:
- We took soil analyzes in the process of introducing elements of precision agriculture. As a result, it turned out that almost 90% of the field sites have low and very low content of basic elements of nitrogen and phosphorus. Of course, this affects the quality of the crop and the amount of harvest.
Special treatment and equipment are needed to bring the soil to a normal state. Existing foreign samples cannot be used. Therefore, Kazakh scientists have developed a special fertilizer which solves two problems by decompensating the soil and intensively feeding the soil. The industrial production of domestic trailers is planned to begin next year.