Landscape museum of ancient monuments to open soon

Landscape museum of ancient monuments to open soon

History lovers will be able to touch the ancient monuments of the great steppes and learn about the formation of the Turkic khanate center. The grand, landscaped open-air museum will be opened in Akmola region. This unique place is located 120 kilometers from Astana, in the Karagaily village of Yereimentau region, on the right bank of the Kumai River. Monuments of Bronze Age and early Iron Age as well as monuments of the Hunnic and Turkic periods are all located there. Studies have been conducted since 2009. About 15 stone sculptures, the so-called "balbals" were found in the region. Among them - the monuments of "Kos Batyr" Turkic culture which are about one and a half thousand years. In one hand warriors hold the sword that symbolizes the militancy, while in the other hand they hold a vessel with water. Stones behind the statues symbolize the mountains. The travelers left them as a sign of presence.



-  “Kos” – means a couple of heroes. They hold a vessel in the right hand. This is a ritual vessel -“Ajak”, in the ancient Turkic dictionary it means vessel, which was used during taking oath.


The stone “balbals” are vivid portraits of ancient times. Specialists note that such sites are relatively few in Kazakhstan, and they are all in protected areas. By the way, the nature of the area is extraordinarily generous. This land was called “Kazakh Switzerland” for the great abundance of rivers and lakes.



- This land was needed. It was defended; there were people on guard, who took an oath. There are legal documents of 19-20 century during the times of forcible annexation of the Kazakh land. The oath, which was given by the water, and then they were afraid to walk on it. Also the oath was given next to the graves of their ancestors. But in future if they went there, they did not step over it, because they strongly believed that the oath could harm them.


The female sculpture was also found among the stone sculptures. This is the priestess of the Turkic society. These statues were installed in places of worship to Tengri and Umai deities. Now archaeological expedition led by Professor of the Eurasian National University Aiman Dossymbayeva is continuing the research. Great expectations are connected with the place of sacrifice, for the period of the Huns.



- This is a monument "Karagayly- 8". We perform cleaning at the moment. This is a religious building, where they offered sacrifice. Excavations will show us whether we are right or not. Most likely, there will be pottery, animal bones, and human burials.


"Kumai" project managers hope to join the ranks of tourist routes for foreign visitors of the international exhibition "EXPO-2017". By the way, the place is already of great interest among tourists.



–It’s my first time here. I am from Lisbon. But actually this is my third time in Kazakhstan but in this place it’s my first time and I’m really enjoying, I think this is very beautiful country and there are a lot of places that are different from my country so I’m really enjoying. Thank you.



The archaeological complex is near a small village, where there are only 15 houses. Locals believe that the opening of the museum will breathe new life into the village.



- It is good if the museum will be opened. Historical monuments will be opened. People come and work here. The world will know about us. People will know our history. And we will have working places.


Save the unique historical heritage and transmit to future generations - is the main idea of archeologists. And in conjunction with the National Park "Buiratau" museum can become a real center for the development of youth and eco-tourism. However, for this  large-scale development project, there is a need of further support.