Since 2012, December 1 became a festive holiday for the people of Kazakhstan - the country celebrates the Day of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan. December 10, 2011 at the plenary session of the Senate the Parliament adopted a law «On amendments to the Law «On holidays in the Republic of Kazakhstan». The historical background and the basis for selecting the date of the holiday was the event that took place on December 1, 1991 - as a result of the first national elections Nursultan Nazarbayev was elected as the President of the Kazakh SSR.
One of the first steps of the first president was the signing of the law to rename the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic to the Republic of Kazakhstan on December 10, 1991. And after six days - December 16, 1991 - The Supreme Council declared the independence of Kazakhstan, which meant that Kazakhstan became a sovereign state.
August 29, 1991 President signed the «Decree on closing the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Proving Ground». It was one of the first decrees of the President in the period of independence. Only then other countries elsewhere in the world followed to close such sites. Today Nursultan Nazarbayev recorded in history as the man who impressed the world with his efforts to eliminate nuclear weapons.
Kazakhstan's model of national unity and inter-ethnic tolerance has now become a model for many other countries. And its author is Nursultan Nazarbayev.
Under the leadership of the president, Kazakhstan as a regional player has gained more political weight, became a significant participant in contemporary world politics. In 23 years the young country has reached international recognition and foreign subjectivity on the world arena. The interest of the Western and Eastern states in Kazakhstan as in a strategic partner increases in proportion to the economics and political achievements.
The First president of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev is the founder of a new independent state; he has ensured the unity of Kazakhstan, protection of the Constitution, rights and freedoms of man and citizen.
This year, on December 1 in Astana, a grand sports show which will be attended by more than ten thousand people will take place at the stadium «Astana-Arena». Besides the sports show the Day of the First President of Kazakhstan will be celebrated by a major cultural event. A long-awaited premiere of children's national ballet will be held at Kulyash Baiseitova Theatre of Opera and Ballet. November 25, 2014 the National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan in Astana will host an exhibition «Eren Elbasy - Kemel Koshbasshy». The exhibition will be held from November 25 to December 25, 2014.