International Children's Day was established in November 1949 in Paris as the decision of the Congress of the International Democratic Women's Federation, and the first celebration of the Children's Day was scheduled for June 1, 1950. The United Nations (UN) supported this initiative and declared the protection of children's rights, their survival and development as one of its priorities. In November 20, 1989 the United Nations adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which was signed by 61 countries. In July 13, 1990 the Convention was ratified by the USSR.
In the XXI century children need protection and support of no less than in the postwar years. Unfortunately, problems of the dangerous impact of information services on children's social and emotional development and wellbeing, problems of interfamilial situations and the global problems such as hunger, AIDS, illiteracy, abortion and military conflicts are becoming more urgent.
International Children's Day – is a reminder to adults of children's rights to life, freedom of expression and religion, education, rest and leisure, protection from physical and psychological abuse, protection from exploitative child labor as the necessary conditions for the formation of a humane and just society.
International Children's Day receives a special attention in Kazakhstan. There are a variety of activities for children. Governmental organizations, social agencies, various companies and ordinary citizens of the republic hold charity events for orphanages, schools for children with disabilities and children's shelters. The most well-known charitable organization in Kazakhstan is the "Bobek" ("The Kid") International Children's Welfare Fund, headed by the First Lady S.A. Nazarbayeva. "Bobek" provides the real support to the society in solving the problems, connected with maintenance of rights and legitimate interests of rising generation, moral-spiritual education, upbringing of children, development of their talents and abilities, and actively solves the problem of orphans.
In December 13, 2000 President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev signed a law to protect the rights of orphans – «About children's villages of family type and houses of youth. » With an assistance of the Fund new types of family villages are opened for orphaned children and graduates of children's homes to help them to continue their studies or get a profession and settle in life.
In Astana, in honor of the Children's Day will be held the following activities: