Kazakhstan’s coal industry is moving towards accelerated diversification
Kazakhstan’s coal industry is moving towards accelerated diversification. The task is to provide domestic and foreign markets with fine fuel in compliance with international standards. According to Energy Ministry, Kazakhstan produced more than 106 million tonnes of coal in 2017, 29 million tonnes of which were exported. Kazakhstan also exports the coal to the countries of near and far abroad. Shipments are made to Japan and Finland. Countries of Southeast Asia, Western and Eastern Europe, such as Poland, are ready to buy Kazakhstani coal. The Energy Ministry announced the need to enrich the coal, as it is done in the Vostochny plant in Pavlodar region. The obtained fractionated fuel has a number of advantages: high quality, produces more heat, burns in smaller quantities.
YURY GONCHAROV, DIRECTOR, VOSTOCHNY COAL MINING PLANT:
- We are developing a project on coal enrichment. As soon as we launch the project we will start producing enriched, blended and fractionated coal.
There are more than 300 solid fuel deposits in Kazakhstan. The construction of concentrators in coal mines is not the most important requirement of the Ministry of Energy. According to Energy Minister, Kanat Bozumbayev, only an innovative approach can ensure stability, growth and profitability of the production.
KANAT BOZUMBAYEV, MINISTER OF ENERGY OF KAZAKHSTAN:
- We will not extend it until they introduce new technology in the plant, and produce high-quality coal suitable for export, and avoid the need to transport the raw material.
This one year old plant in Pavlodar produces briquetted coal. Its products are in demand in neighboring Russia. According to technologists, there is no analogue of the solid fuel in the CIS countries. Processing is conducted in accordance with South Korean technology. The plant is able to produce up to 17,000 tonnes of finished products per year.
SHALKAR BAIKENOV, TECHNOLOGIST:
- Coal is first mixed with clay, and then crushed. We have a special crusher. Coal is crushed, turned into dust, and then pressed, we add some water. The briquettes come out from here.
The briquetting technology allows you to protect the environment from harmful coal dust. Moreover, small-sized forms are convenient for transportation. Kazakhstan has gained access to Russian ports to send the solid fuel to foreign countries. This, in turn, will allow diversification of export supplies.