The population of Central Asian countries passed 70 million people last year. According to experts, this was a turning point in the demographic situation in the region. There is a sharp increase in life expectancy in Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, analysts say. Experts relate it to the increase of quality of life and decrease in a death rate.

SERIK KARZHAUBAYEV, EXPERT:

 - The quality of life has slightly increased in Central Asian countries, including Kazakhstan. The number of older adults has grown by 4.5%, it is not the aging process, but a tendency towards population growth. All these factors directly or indirectly affect population growth, that is, the better the healthcare the longer life expectancy.

According to the UN studies, the average life expectancy in Central Asian countries is the following: (Table GRAPHICS) in Uzbekistan - 73.8 years; in Tajikistan - 73.7 years. The average life expectancy in Kazakhstan is 72.4 years, in Kyrgyzstan - 70.9 years. The average life expectancy in Turkmenistan is 70.4 years. The proportion of older adults in the region has increased to almost 5%. The highest increase was observed in Kazakhstan, and the lowest figure of 3.9% - in Tajikistan. At the same time, according to analysts, the number of children under 14 exceeded 20.5 million people in the Central Asian states, which is about 29% of the total number of residents. The highest rates are observed in Tajikistan, the lowest - in Kyrgyzstan.

SERIK KARZHAUBAYEV, EXPERT:

 - If such trend is persistent, then I think in 2018 we will reach the figure of 30%. This is a pretty good figure and demographers attribute this to the fact that there is a growing young population. To date, we have reached the level of the 1980s, that is, we have entered a stage of stability.

According to experts, such changes in the demographic situation of the region should be taken into account by the states of Central Asia in developing economic and social policies. The countries are already taking a number of measures in this direction. Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan are launching pilot censuses this year. Kazakhstan started a live population clock last year. It shows demographic data in real time within the country and helps effectively adjust the domestic policy of the state.

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