One of the most unique monuments of Kazakhstan's culture is the ancient settlement of Barkuap. Archeologists discovered its household part during the expedition to Zhualy district of Zhambyl region. Previously, there was only the citadel located in the north-east direction of the city. About six hundred artifacts have been found on its territory. According to local residents, traces of ancient civilizations can be seen everywhere around.

BAKHTIYAR KOPBOSYNOV, GOVERNOR OF ZHUALY DISTRICT:

- Pitchers date back to the 1, 2 century BC, therefore these finds are unique. It can be seen that it was a big settlement. If not local residents’ initiative, in 10-15 years this ancient city would have been lost forever, because there are massive developments going on. It is a chance to unveil our history.

Archeologists are trying to unveil the mysteries of the centuries-old history. They are planning to find out what historical period the finds belong to. 

ISKANDER TORBEKOV, ARCHEOLOGIST:

- Apparently, there was a dining room or a kitchen, as can be seen from the mud hole and a tashnau, the place where the water pipe is located. We found the remains of the hearth, the furnance. We have found a huge amount of ceramic dishes, fragments of pottery such as hums, humcha, jugs, and plates.

These artifacts are a sign of a developed culture. Barkuap was one of the Great Silk Road trading cities. Merchants from all over the world passed through this settlement. As a result of excavations, historians have already finished studying the cultural layers of the 10th-12th centuries, the time when the karakhanids lived.

ISKANDER TORBEKOV, ARCHEOLOGIST:

 - This city has existed for more than 2,000 years, that is, it does not end with the 7th-6th century, or 12th or 13th century, but most likely it is the 1-2 century AD, the 1 century BC. If this proves to be true as a result of the archaeological research, then it can be stated that it was the capital - the summer residence of the Kangyui leaders, the town of Bityan.

To confirm this hypothesis, the scientists have sent the ceramics to the geo-archaeological laboratory in Almaty, and the soil itself to Japan. The colleagues will help Zhambyl archaeologists determine the period of existence of the city and make more accurate conclusions. Zhualy district authorities are planning to create an open air museum.

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