The role of the Great Silk Road in the cultural development of different nations was discussed at the international conference held in Atyrau as part of the Modernization of Public Consciousness program. The meeting participants visited the excavations of the ancient settlement Saraishyk. This place is like a textbook on the history of the Middle Ages, the researchers say. The artifacts discovered here demonstrate the influence of the Silk Road on the formation of the political, economic and cultural development of countries since the 13th century.

RASHID RAKHAEV, MEMBER OF RUSSIAN GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY, KABARDINO-BALKARIA:

- It is important for us to see these traces of the Silk Road. To link them into a single integrated picture that will link the East and the West as before.

According to the Turkish, Azerbaijani and Russian scientists, implementation of Kazakhstan’s Modernization of Public Consciousness program gave impetus to in-depth study of history of the eighboring states as well.

ABDULLA GUNDOGLY, PROFESSOR, TURKEY:

- One of the main advantages of the Silk Road is that in those difficult times all countries located along the caravan routes were interested in it. It is evidenced by the famous Arab traveler Ibn Battuta. This is also relevant at present.

As the researchers emphasized, the ancient route is important not only for studying the history of the Middle Ages. It opens up additional opportunities for cooperation in present time.

ISMAILZADE EITUBOGLY, CANDIDATE OF HISTORICAL SCIENCES, AZERBAIJAN:

- We see how Kazakhstan is reviving the ancient routes, building roads that will connect China with Europe through its territory. The Silk Road had several branches. Therefore, it is important for us to understand how Azerbaijan can be integrated into the new transport system.

The conference participants came to a common opinion: now is the most favourable period for scientists to cooperate. Researchers also agreed to establish an exchange of exhibits kept in museums, found during excavations of ancient cities situated along the Silk Road. They will be able to shed light on the economic, political and cultural ties of the peoples living on the territory stretching between China and Europe.

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