Archaeologists have discovered a unique tomb construction dating to the 6th century BC in the Tusai Barrow Complex in Western Kazakhstan. Remains of the "Golden Princess" were found there in 2012. This is the burial of a noble woman of the Sarmatian period. The body, according to scientists, was burned during the burial ritual. Funerary construction that was found this year confirms these guesses.

 

YANA LUKPANOVA, ARCHEOLOGIST:

 - This funeral construction is rare. Usually it is a vault covered with earth but here they cut beams from the clay, and made bricks of various sizes. They laid out these bricks over a grave and set it on fire. I think it is a ritual of some group of tribes of early Iron Age.

 

Fire was set in a way to burn only the bones of the buried, archaeologists say. All other items, whether weapons or dishes, remained untouched by fire. This is the uniqueness of the design, which has yet to be studied.

 

MURAT SDYKOV, DIRECTOR, CENTER OF HISTORY AND ARCHEOLOGY:

 - It is confirmed by our finds that Sarmatians and sovromats, the early nomads, were here, and then they moved to the Volga. For example, the Golden Princess, we refer it to the 6th century BC. Artifacts found by Russian scientists from the neighboring Orenburg region date back to the 4th century. That is, they were in Orenburg before.

 

The Taksai mound complex is not the only unique monument of the history and culture of the region. Over the past 15 years, archaeologists have found more than 2,000 evidences proving that in the Middle Ages there was a developed urban culture. Among them are the settlements of Zhaiyk, Zhalpaktal, Kyryk oba. All of them are included in the "Collection of monuments of history and culture of the West Kazakhstan region". 

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