The region’s ancient cities that survived through centuries are planned to be included in the tourist route. The projects ‘Tugan  Zher’ and ‘Spiritual Shrines of Kazakhstan’ outlined in the President’s article “Course Towards Future: Modernization of Public Consciousness” are being implemented now. The medieval Syganak entered the map of historical sites of Kyzylorda region. The city that was a part of the Great Silk Road was a center of economic growth. In different centuries, it was the Kypchak capital, the capital of Ak Orda and the center of the Kazakh Khanate. Syganak lost its greatness in the 17th century.

 

ALIMZHAN YERZHANOV, HISTORIAN:

- The city was known as a major trade center. There was a mint that coined Syganak tenge. They were later found in the territory of the modern Russia and the Volga region. It proves that the city was a part of the wide trade network. The research showed that the last inhabitants left the city in the beginning of the 19th century and presumably settled in Zhanakorgan district.

 

The ruins of a once grandiose building were discovered by archaeologists in 2004. The ancient mosque-madrassa was restored in the recent years. A photograph of the Russian scientist-traveler Yakubovsky taken in 1927 was used to make the exact reproduction of the mosque. At present, it is important to present a historical monument to the world, the researchers say.

 

SULTAN SARTAYEV, ACADEMICIAN, KAZAKHSTAN NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES:

 - The entire global community should know about such historical sites as Syganak. The ancient city was not just the center of the Kazakh Khanate; it was the residency and later the tomb of the Chingissids dynasty that ruled Ak Orda in the 14th century.

 

An open air museum occupies 80 hectares. Unique historical artifacts and materials compiled over the years of historical research and excavations, that is, about 100 items were given to Syganak historical museum and now became a part of the Kazakh people’s heritage.

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