A petroglyph dating back to the 5th-6th century BC was discovered near Kyryk-oba burials in western Kazakhstan. Members of the historical expedition were the first to witnesses the unique discovery. In addition, a mock-up of the ancient Zhayik settlement was discovered 16 years ago. They believe that it is the evidence of the early origin of culture in Kazakhstan. The settlement is located 12 kilometers from Uralsk. Archeologists believe that it is the progenitor of a modern city.

 

MURAT SYDYKOV, DIRECTOR, CENTER OF HISTORY AND ARCHEOLOGY, WEST KAZAKHSTAN REGION:

 - The city was a military, commercial and administrative center. We believe that its population was about one and a half thousand people. There were bricks manufacturing workshops and much more. Perhaps the excavations belong to the era of the late Bronze Age and the Iron Age. The city may have been founded even earlier than we think.

 

In 2012, western Kazakhstan archeologists found a burial of a woman from a rich family next to Taksai station. This mound is dated back to the 7th-8th century BC. The burial is one of the most ancient ‘golden’ burials found in Kazakhstan. Jewelry found in the burial remained intact through the centuries.

 

YANA LUKPANOVA, RESEARCHER, CENTER OF HISTORY AND ARCHEOLOGY, WEST KAZAKHSTAN REGION:

 - The expedition members believe that the new artifact will unveil unexplored secrets of ancient Kazakhstan in the future. Archaeologists suppose that the territory of modern Uralsk is home to Bronze Age settlements.

 

The historical expedition visited a remote Khan Orda village in western Kazakhstan. Kazakh King Zhangir lived and ruled in this region in the 19th century. It was him who opened the first pharmacy in the Kazakh land and introduced the vaccination against smallpox. This museum complex exhibits the works of Zhangir Khan. He opened the first school in Bokei Orda in 1841.

 

GAISSA MAKSIMOV, DIRECTOR, BUKEY HORDE HISTORY MUSEUM:

 - They taught Russian language, arithmetic and religious studies there. Before opening this school, Zhangir went to Kazan for the first time to meet the famous scientist Karl Fuchs in 1826, which inspired him to open the school.

 

SAPAR ISKAKOV, TRAVELLER:

 - The Khan left a big mark in history. Firstly, he was engaged in enlightenment. Secondly, he opened the first hospital and the first treasury, he was a very competent ruler.

 

Zhangir beautified his native land as well. He planted a forest in the steppes.

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