Kazakhstan has launched a new tool of domestic agricultural support. The Ministry of Agriculture developed a program of assistance to farmers. Cooperative agricultural associations will be provided with financial subsidies and benefits. In general, the year 2016 was quite successful for farmers. Last year, cattle population increased by 2%. Number of horses increased by 6%, poultry number increased by 4.5%, meat processing increased by 3.2%. In addition, last year a record grain harvest of nearly 24 million tons was collected. Kazakhstan exported about 8 million tons of wheat and flour.
NURBOLAT MAKASHEV, HEAD OF STRATEGY AND ANALYSIS DEPARTMENT, AGRICULTURE MINISTRY:
Ministry of Agriculture has developed a strategy within which it is planned to increase the field areas for oilseed and other crops by reducing the acreage of grain. This is done on the basis of monitoring and market analysis. Currently, the demand for crops is increasing.
Growth of sheep stock was recorded in Atyrau region due to the state support. Only last year, one billion tenge was directed on the development of animal husbandry in the region. Many farmers have approaches from the scientific point of view: they purchase breeding stock of non-traditional species in the region. For example, Tsigay breed, the sheep of which gain weight up to 100 kilograms, and, or fine-fleeced - Everest. In addition, the issue of wool sale was solved in the region due to the opening of factory for wool processing in Atyrau.
AMIRZHAN KAPANOV, FARMER:
We grow sheep of famous Kazakh Edilbay breed. They are perfectly adapted to our conditions - they are afraid neither heat nor cold. They graze even in winter in the steppes, digging snow in search of food.
Meanwhile, the number of feedlots of the first level increased in Zhambyl region. Now, local farmers will be able to grow more than 3 million heads of cattle. They have already evaluated the convenience of such cooperation. The state pays subsidies to those, who rent the cattle and those, who feeds them.
AMANALI KURBANOV, HEAD OF ZHAMBYL REGIONAL AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT:
Earlier for commissioning cattle in feedlots of the first level our farmers had to go to Merke and Korday districts. Now this problem is solved. We have our own feedlots. The state pays 24,000 tenge of subsidies per head to those who gives the cattle.
Last year, Zhambyl region exported 500 tons of meat. 85% were exported to neighboring Kyrgyzstan, and the rest - in the United Arab Emirates. In total, the region produced over 50,000 tons of meat. One tenth of the meat was prepared at the feedlots of the 1st level. There are six feedlots in the region.