For many centuries, museum archives of China have preserved the letters of Kazakh khans and the rulers of the Chinese Qin Dynasty. A scientist Duisenali Abdil-Ashim-uly has been studying these artifacts for ten years. He began to study the letters of the Kazakh khans, while working his doctorate degree in the Kyoto University. The scientist found 157 documents, and published 67 of them in a separate book. They relate mainly to trade and border relations. According to archival documents, Chinese emperors and Kazakh khans maintained active correspondence since 1757 when Abylai Khan and Sultan Abilpeis used to send the first messages to Qin rulers. The book of letters, which was issued by the historian, is written in light Arabic inscription. Now the scientist plans to publish a book version in the Cyrillic alphabet.



These archive documents can discover new interesting facts about the history of the Kazakh Khanate. They are divided into three time periods. The first one is related to Abylai Khan and his generation, and the second one is about Abilpeis Sultan and his generation, and the third period talks about the son of Nurali Abulhair, who had sent messages to Qin rulers twice. One letter was sent in 1763, the other - after 20 years. We now have a letter in two parts, dated 1783. It is addressed to the Governor-General of Ili, and the second – to the ruler of the Chinese empire.

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