Can robots replace artists? «Artists and Robots» exhibition has an answer to this question. It is held in the «Astana Contemporary Center» pavilion at EXPO 2017. The exposition is organized by Association of National museums of France Grand Palais. It includes installations of 17 modern artists from 13 countries. These include sculptures, paintings, moving installations and works of architecture. All projects were created in the period from 1980 to 2017 with the help of computer technology and robotics. The exhibition organizers created a zone of artistic experiments intertwined with science and philosophy. The premiere of the exposition took place at EXPO 2017, it will be also presented in Paris in 2019.

 

SANIYA BAZHENEYEVA, EXHIBITION MEDIATOR:

 - This is our first exhibit, it is called "The Art of Robots". You can see that these are the machines and each of them is equipped with a chip with an algorithm that is constantly evolving. Each robot has a sensor in the front, which prevents them from colliding with each other. When they approach each other, they receive a signal and drift apart. Their program modifies at that moment. Therefore, each time they draw different paintings, you can see on our walls. It takes 4-5 days for them to draw one painting.. All paintings are abstract, in the spirit of modern art. There is a great field for the imagination; therefore each viewer can attach absolutely any meaning to a painting.

You can see sculptures that were created by the robot sculptor. The work of this sculptor is based on a three-dimensional model of the photographs of Michelangelo's sculptures of the series named "Slaves." All three sculptures that are represented here demonstrate the Apollonian type naked male body, which is widespread in the classical art. We can say that the robot creates modern interpretation of the classical art, and also as a prototype, this robot works in the "non-finito" technique, which means unfinished.

- This is an interactive installation, which is called the origin of the world. This is the creation of one of our curators Miguel Chevalier. Cameras with infrared rays installed on the ceiling detect the heat of the human body, and then the computer transforms them into a picture.

- These are another robot artists, we can imagine that these are three pupils of an art school. They sit and practice their drawing skills of still life. They have eyes in the form of a camera and a mechanical hand. Like humans, first they look at the object and then move their eyes to a sheet of paper. The robots’ eyes notice any change. The light falls in a different angle during the day that is why you get different shadows. Robots draw from different angles. Their paintings are different from one another. They give their autographs like real artists. On this wall, you can see what the robots have already painted. The robots are called Paul, as they paint the still life by Paul Cezanne.

– These are dandelions, one of the most favorite installations of our visitors. The installation responds to your actions. If you blow into the microphone, the dandelions will fly away and after that there will be absolutely new, different ones.

This installation changes the look of your body. Digital technologies change the way you look. This installation is the direct progenitor of the snapshot and Instagram. - On this side, we have an exoskeleton created in 2016. Stelarc, the artist who created it, performs at exhibitions. The hand integrated with a Stelarc’s body connects to a touchscreen via the Internet and programs the movement of the hand. One can control his movements through electronic muscle stimulators. He also wears virtual reality glasses and sees what is happening in London, and the noise-proof headphones let him hear what's happening in New York. He is controlled; it is a huge stress for a human body, both physical and aesthetic. But Stelarc does this only because for him the body is a sculpture, it is obsolete.

More than 20,000 people have already visited "Astana Contemporary Art Center". We invite you to visit and see the art of robots. Come, enjoy our exhibition. Welcome!

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