Begazy archaeological complex has entered into the list of one hundred sacral places of Kazakhstan
Begazy archaeological complex in Karaganda region has entered into the list of one hundred sacral places of Kazakhstan. It is included in the preliminary list of UNESCO World Heritage sites. The mausoleum was discovered in the 1940s. The burial ground of Begazy covers an area of 10,000 hectares. The walls of the building are horizontally laid slabs fastened with mortar. According to scientists, the necropolis is not a standard Bronze Age construction. It is distinguished by a special type of tombstones and an atypical funeral rite. Specialists say that the mausoleum reflects the culture of the highest social strata of the late Bronze Age society. Weapons and utensils found in the tomb show the high status of the buried.
VIKTOR VARFOLOMEYEV, DOCTOR OF ARCHEOLOGY, BUKETOV KARAGANDA STATE UNIVERSITY:
- Apparently, the leaders who were buried in such mausoleums were the organizers of distant campaigns. Perhaps it was a hunting campaign or some trade links. These trade routes were many thousands kilometers long.
Restoration of completely looted cemetery began in 2004. During the restoration, the specialists recreated the shape of the necropolis, bringing it to the original as close as possible. The archaeological complex of Begazy attracts many tourists. This year, the mausoleum was visited by travelers from Holland, Germany, Mongolia and China.
TULKIBAI TULEOV, HEAD OF CENTER FOR CONSERVATION OF HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL HERITAGE IN KARAGANDA REGION:
- It is a very complex work for that period. You see what kind of stones they used, how they delivered them, the masonry, how they erected the building. This is unique, not found elsewhere. Bronze Age mausoleums are found only in Central Kazakhstan.
In total, there are about 400 cultural and historical monuments in the Aktogay district of Karaganda region. An open air museum-reservation will open there soon. "Kyzalarai-Begazy" will let tourists not only see the historical heritage, but also enjoy the untouched nature of the mountain-forest oasis.