WAS KIMEK CHARIOT THE FIRST FORM OF TRANSPORT?
It was one of a prominent medieval Turkic state formed on the territory of Kazakhstan. The northern border of the Kimek federation was the Siberian taiga; the southern border was the Tian-Shan mountains. Kimek Khanate extended Caspian steppes in the west to the Zhetysu area in the east. Its history began in the VII century and ended in the XI century. What were the main causes for this? Historians couldn’t come to a single conclusion yet. Kimek Khanate still remains one of the most mysterious and poorly researched states. It has left many secrets for us to uncover.
Arabian historian Al-Idrisi listed 16 Kimek towns, most of which were located along the Irtysh river. The Kimek Khagan's residence was in the city Imekia, which was fortified from the enemies with adobe walls and iron gates. Other cities had also developed infrastructure. There are many sources for it, but not a single evidence of archaeological record has remained. Scientists have been finding only kurgans of the Kimek period, but they never uncovered archaeological sites. Until recently.
Territory near Pavlodar. It is here, where archaeologists have been excavating for archaeological remains of Kimek period. It is presumed that a gigantic necropolis, belonging to the 10th or 11th centuries, covers a vast 10-kilometer wide area. Scientists assumed that they would find the Kimek capital Imekia. Finally, archaeologists had stumbled upon a truly sensational discovery, while they were completing the excavation of one of the kurgans. There was a pile of wooden details at a depth of 1 and a half meters. At first, researchers could not figure out its purpose.
Archaeologists believe that each artifact is carrying a valuable piece of information within itself. Scientists were confused, after being faced with a unique form of transport, which hadn’t been studied before. Now they were facing another problem. How to safely retrieve an artifact, which is 2 meters long and 1.5 meters wide? They were assisted in this task by renowned Kazakh restorer Krym Altynbekov, who was using a unique technology in order to transport this artifact into the Research center.
All about the unique method for studying archeological discoveries and new stage in the study of Kimek Khanate in the program "Enigma of the Great Steppe".